Hippokratia 2006; 10 (3): 120-127
I Katsikis, M Kita, A Karkanaki, N Prapas, D Panidis
Division of Endocrinology and Human Reproduction
2nd Dpt of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
Conventional treatment of normogonadotropic anovulatory infertility is ovulation induction using the antiestrogen clomiphene citrate, followed by follicle-stimulating hormone. Multiple follicle development, associated with ovarian hyperstimulation, and multiple pregnancy remain the major complications. Cumulative singleton and multiple pregnancy rate data after different induction treatments are needed. Newer ovulation induction interventions, such as insulin-sensitizing drugs, aromatase inhibitors and laparoscopic ovarian electrocoagulation, should be compared with conventional treatments. Ovulation induction efficiency might improve if patient subgroups with altered chances for success or complications with new or conventional techniques could be identified, using multivariate prediction models based on initial screening characteristics. This would make ovulation induction more cost-effective, safe and convenient, enabling doctors to advise patients on the most effective and patient-tailored treatment strategy.
Keywords: anovulation, ovulation induction, gonadotropins, infertility, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome