Hippokratia 2008; 12 (3): 162-167
C. Dioudis, D. Grekas, TH. Thomas, IC. West
Aim: The aim of this study was, a) to investigate the effect of mild oxidative stress on glycolytic flux and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) binding in erythrocytes from patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and b) to examine whether the modulation of GAPDH-binding to the red cell membrane leads to changes in glycolytic flux.
Patients and methods: The rate of lactate production in intact erythrocytes and the GAPDH/actin ratio in erythrocyte ghost membranes were measured before and after treating cells with t-butyl hydroperoxide or N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) in 13 ADPKD patients and 12 controls.Results: t-bytyl hydro-peroxide had a significant effect on both lactate production and GAPDH/actin ratio in healthy subjects, but it had essentially no effect on ADPKD patients in which both parameters already resembled those of the peroxide-treated controls. NEM treatment after 300 sec had a very significant effect on both lactate production and GAPDH/actin ratio in both patient and control cells. However, after 10 sec the effect on GAPDH/actin ratio was only significant in the erythrocytes of ADPKD patients. In every experiment glycolytic lactate production correlated negatively with membrane-bound GAPDH/actin ratio.Conclusions: We conclude that glycolytic flux and GAPDH binding in erythrocytes from ADPKD patients respond abnormally to both a mild oxidative stress and brief exposure to NEM.