Hippokratia 2011; 15(2):167-169
D. Vrochides, M. Hassanain, P. Metrakos, J. Tchervenkov, P. Chaudhury, G. Chan, S. Paraskevas
Background: Most deceased donor kidney allocation protocols are based on waiting time and do not take into account either recipient's life expectancy. This study investigates whether graft survival is affected by patient life expectancy.
Methods: A total of 640 adult kidney transplants were performed. Recipients were divided in group A (patients ! 50 years) and group B (patients > 50 years). The status of graft+recipient combination was characterized as: a) deceased recipient with functional graft, b) alive recipient with functional graft and c) deceased or alive recipient with nonfunctional graft.
Results: Mean kidney recipient survival was 15.15 (95% CI: 14.54, 15.77) and 12.40 (95% CI: 11.47, 13.33) years for groups A and B respectively (p < 0.0001). Mean graft survival was 13.62 (95% CI: 12.81, 14.43) and 12.42 (95% CI: 11.59, 13.25) years for groups A and B respectively (p=0.6516).Non-functional grafts were identified in 18.4% (n=57) and 16.4% (n=54) of group A and B respectively.
Conclusions: Allocation of renal grafts to older patients does not result in significant loss of graft-years. Recipients??? life expectancy has a small impact on graft survival. We should not deviate from the basic principles of equality, when kidney allocation systems are designed.