Hippokratia 2012; 16 (3): 221-224
E. Pavlou, A. Gkampeta, A Evangeliou, F. Athanasiadou- Piperopoulou
Background and Aim: Benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (BECTS) is one of the most frequent epileptic syndromes in children. It is placed among the idiopathic localization-related epilepsies. However, the relationship between unilateral or bilateral localization of interictal stereotyped focal spikes on electroencephalogram (EEG) and the effectiveness of anti-epileptic drugs has not been studied yet.
Patients and Methods: We studied 55 neurodevelopmentally normal children who had been diagnosed with BECTS. Children were subdivided into two groups, based on EEG findings: Group A comprised 30 children with unilateral findings on EEG and Group B 25 children with bilateral findings on EEG. All patients in the present study were started on an anti-epileptic medication after the third seizure (Sodium Valproate, Carbamazepine, Oxcarbazepine) and we studied the response to medications.
Results: Children with bilateral findings on EEG had the same response to treatment with either Sodium Valproate or Carbamazepine or Oxcarbazepine. Other side, children with unilateral findings on EEG corresponded best to Carbamazepine or Oxcarbazepine.
Conclusions: Children diagnosed with BECTS and bilateral discharges on EEG have good response to treatment with either Sodium Valproate or Carbamazepine or Oxcarbazepine.